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Table of Contents

Oaths


1. The lawful purpose of, explained. Heb 6:16.

2. Antiquity of. Ge 14:22; 24:3,8.

3. Used for

a. Confirming covenants. Ge 26:28; 31:44,53; 1Sa 20:16,17.

b. Deciding controversies in courts of law. Ex 22:11; Nu 5:19; 1Ki 8:31.

c. Pledging allegiance to sovereigns. 2Ki 11:4; Ec 8:2.

d. Binding to performance of sacred duties. Nu 30:2; 2Ch 15:14,15; Ne 10:29; Ps 132:2.

e. Binding to performance of any particular act. Ge 24:3,4; 50:25; Jos 2:12.

4. Judicial from of administering. 1Ki 22:16; Mt 26:63.

5. Often accompanied by raising up the hand. Ge 14:22; Da 12:7; Re 10:5,6.

6. Often accompanied by placing the hand under the thigh of the person sworn to. Ge 24:2,9; 47:29.

7. To be taken in fear and reverence. Ec 9:2.

8. The Jews

a. Forbidden to take, in name of idols. Jos 23:7.

b. Forbidden to take in the name of any created thing. Mt 5:34-36; Jas 5:12.

c. Forbidden to take false. Le 6:3; Zec 8:17.

d. Forbidden to take rash, or unholy. Le 5:4.

e. To use God’s name alone in. De 6:13; 10:20; Isa 65:16.

f. To take, in truth, judgment, &c. Jer 4:2.

g. Generally respected the obligation of. Jos 9:19,20; 2Sa 21:7; Ps 15:4; Mt 14:9.

h. Fell into many errors respecting. Mt 23:16-22.

i. Often guilty of rashly taking. Jdj 21:7; Mt 14:7; 26:72.

j. Often guilty of falsely taking. Le 6:3; Jer 5:2; 7:9.

k. Condemned for false. Zec 5:4; Mal 3:5.

l. Condemned for profane. Jer 23:10; Ho 4:2.

9. Instances of rash,

a. Joshua, &c. Jos 9:15,16.

b. Jephthah. Jdj 11:30-36.

c. Saul. 1Sa 14:27,44.

d. Herod. Mt 14:7-9.

e. The Jews who sought to kill Paul. Ac 23:21.

10. Custom of swearing by the life of the king. Ge 42:15,16.

11. Expressions used as

a. By the fear of Isaac. Ge 31:53.

b. As the Lord liveth. Jdj 8:19; Ru 3:13.

c. The Lord do so to me, and more also. Ru 1:17.

d. God do so to thee, and more also. 1Sa 3:17.

e. By the Lord. 2Sa 19:7; 1Ki 2:42.

f. God do so to thee and more also. 1Sa 3:17.

g. Before God I lie not. Ga 1:20.

h. I call God for a record. 2Co 1:23.

i. God is witness. 1Th 2:5.

j. I charge you by the Lord. 1Th 5:27.

k. As thy soul liveth. 1Sa 1:26; 25:26.

12. God used, to show the immutability of his counsel. Ge 22:16; Nu 14:28; 6:17.