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Table of Contents

High Priest, The


1. Specially called of God. Ex 28:1,2; Heb 5:4.

2. Consecrated to his office. Ex 40:13; Le 8:12.

3. Was called

a. The priest. Ex 29:30; Ne 7:65.

b. God’s high priest. Ac 23:4.

c. Ruler of the people. Ex 22:28; Ac 23:5.

4. The office of, hereditary. Ex 29:29.

5. Next in rank to the king. La 2:6.

6. Often exercised chief civil power. 1Sa 4:18.

7. Duties of

a. Offering gifts and sacrifices. Heb 5:1.

b. Lighting the sacred lamps. Ex 30:8; Nu 8:3.

c. Making atonement in the most holy place once a year. Le 16:1-34; Heb 9:7.

d. Bearing before the Lord the names of Israel for a memorial. Ex 28:12,29.

e. Enquiring of God by Urim and Thummim. 1Sa 23:9-12; 30:7,8.

f. Consecrating the Levites. Nu 9:11-21.

g. Appointing priests to offices. 1Sa 2:36.

h. Taking charge of money collected in the sacred treasury. 2Ki 12:10; 22:4.

i. Presiding in the superior court. Mt 26:3,57-62; Ac 5:21-28; 23:1-5.

j. Taking the census of the people. Nu 1:3.

k. Blessing the people. Le 9:22,23.

8. Sometimes enabled to prophesy. Joh 11:49-52.

9. Assisted by a deputy. 2Sa 15:24; Lu 3:2.

10. The deputy of

a. Called the second priest. 2Ki 25:18.

b. Had oversight of the tabernacle. Nu 4:16.

c. Had oversight of the Levites. Nu 3:32.

11. To marry a virgin of Aaron’s family. Le 21:13,14.

12. Forbidden to mourn for any. Le 21:1-12.

13. To be tender and compassionate. Heb 5:2.

14. Needed to sacrifice for himself. Heb 5:1-3.

15. Special garments of

a. Ephod with its curious girdle. Ex 28:6,7.

b. Girdle. Ex 28:4,39.

c. Broidered coat. Ex 28:4,39.

d. Robe of the ephod. Ex 28:31-35.

e. Breastplate. Ex 28:15-29.

f. Linen mitre. Ex 28:4,39.

g. Plate or crown of gold, &c. Ex 28:36-38.

16. Made by divine wisdom given to Bezaleel, &c. Ex 28:3; 36:1; 39:1.

17. Were for beauty and ornament. Ex 28:2.

18. Worn at his consecration. Le 8:7,9.

a. Worn seven days after consecration. Ex 29:30.

b. Descended to his successors. Ex 29:29.

19. Wore the ordinary priest’s garments when making atonement in the holy place. Le 16:4.

20. Office of, promised to the posterity of Phinehas for his zeal. Nu 25:12,13.

21. Family of Eli degraded from office of, for bad conduct. 1Sa 2:27-36.

22. Sometimes deposed by the kings. 1Ki 2:27.

23. Office of, made annual by the Romans. Joh 11:49-51; Ac 4:6.

24. Typified Christ in

a. Being called of God. Heb 5:4,5.

b. His title. Heb 3:1.

c. His appointment. Isa 61:1; Joh 1:32-34.

d. Making atonement. Le 16:33; Heb 2:17.

e. Splendid dress. Ex 28:2; Joh 1:14.

f. Being liable to temptation. Heb 2:18.

g. Compassion and sympathy for the weak and ignorant. Heb 4:15; 5:1,2.

h. Marrying a virgin. Le 21:13,14; 2Co 11:2.

i. Holiness of office. Le 21:15; Heb 7:26.

j. Performing by himself all the services on day of atonement. Le 16:1-34; Heb 1:3.

k. Bearing the names of Israel upon his heart. Ex 28:29; Song 8:6.

l. Alone entering into most holy place. Heb 9:7,12,24; 4:14.

m. Interceding. Nu 16:43-48; Heb 7:25.

n. Blessing. Le 9:22,23; Ac 3:26.

25. Inferior to Christ in

a. Needing to make atonement for his own sins. Heb 5:2,3; 7:26-28; 9:7.

b. Being of the order of Aaron. Heb 6:20; 7:11-17; 8:4,5,1,2,6.

c. Being made without an oath. Heb 7:20-22.

d. Not being able to continue. Heb 7:23,24.

e. Offering oftentimes the same sacrifices. Heb 9:25,26,28; 10:11,12,14.

f. Entering into holiest every year. Heb 9:7,12,25.